Recorded: Wednesday, February 29, 7 pm in Jackman Hall
Join Simon Stephens to hear about ships, ship models and Tintin.
Simon Stephens is curator of the Ship Model and Boat Collection at the National Maritime Museum, London. He curated the Thomson Collection of ship models installation at the AGO and co-curated the National Maritime Museum’s 2005 Tintin At Sea exhibition.
The AGO invites you to celebrate Ken Thomson and Michael Turner’s dedication to collecting ship models and to discover the link between Turner’s passion for ship models and his lifelong work on the Tintin tales, which feature ships not unlike the models in the Thomson Collection.
The highly anticipated film The Adventures of Tintin got its Canadian release yesterday. Based on Hergé’s classic adventure books, the film stars Jamie Bell as fearless journalist Tintin and Andy Serkis as his companion Captain Haddock. Together the pair set off on a treasure hunt for a sunken ship commanded by Haddock’s ancestor.
We’ve got some great activities happening at the AGO to celebrate the release of the film. Not only can you come and see the kinds of ships that those in the film are based on, we’ve also got a great link to Tintin thanks to famous art collector Ken Thomson, who donated the AGO’s entire ship model collection.
Thomson’s interest in ship models grew out of his close friendship with British publishing executive Michael Turner. A renowned scholar and collector of ship models, Turner also co-translated the famous/popular Belgian Tintin comics from their original French into English with Leslie Lonsdale-Cooper. Thomson met Turner in 1987 when Thomson acquired the publishing house that Michael Turner was running at the time. Turner shared his passion for ship models with Thomson, and soon the two began working together to establish the Thomson Collection of Ship Models.
Below the trailer you’ll find some great examples of ships in our collection that are linked to the film. We hope you’ll come and see them for yourselves! At the bottom of this post we’ve also got information about some great Tintin activities taking place in the Gallery.
Hergé’s Unicorn and the Thomson Collection’s Breda
1. British Two-decker 70 Gun Warship, around 1692 Navy Board Model, scale 1:48Great Britain boxwood, fruitwood, brass, silk2. Sketch of the Unicorn, from Hergé’s The Secret of the Unicorn
The French story The Secret of the Unicorn was set on a vessel belonging to King Louis XIV’s fleet, while the English-language version was set on one belonging to the British monarch Charles II. The events of Hergé’s story date back to 1698, making the Unicorn a contemporary of La Licorne, the 17th-century British 70-gun warship in the Thomson Collection. Both ships are third-rate, two-decker vessels with three masts, quarter galleries at the stern, fighting tops and a spirit topmast on the bowsprit. The model of The Unicorn was created after consulting several ship drawings, while the Thomson Collection’s model, previously identified as the Breda, likely also represents another ship of that period, either the Nassau or the Essex, which launched in 1699 and 1700 respectively.
This ship’s adventure was first published in daily comic strips in the French newspaper LeSoir between June 1942 and January 1943. The original drawing of the ship was not historically accurate – the actual ship had only a single row of gunports, 20 cannons and one row of windows in the stern galleries. Eventually, Hergé realized that a ship of higher rank would be more appropriate, and when it came time to publish TheSecretoftheUnicorn as a book, he turned to historical sources, conducting thorough research on shipbuilding in the late 1600s. The decoration of the ship was largely copied from Jean Bérain’s 1689 designs for the Brilliant. Bérain’s sketches are strikingly similar to certain parts of the Thomson model, particularly the stern galleries of the ship.
Hergé’s Sirius and the Thomson Collection’s Lammermuir
1.British Trawler, Lammermuir, 1950, Builder’s Model, scale 1:32, Great Britain, wood, metal, gold- and silver-plated fittings2. Tintin approaches the Sirius, from Herge’s Red Rackham’s Treasure
The Sirius, which features in Herge’s RedRackham’sTreasure, was named after the first entirely steam-powered ship that crossed the Atlantic Ocean in 1838. The actual form of the vessel, however, is more modern, dating to the period around the book’s publication (1944). Like the Unicorn, the Sirius was a composite creation based on a number of real vessels. The main design of the Sirius was based on a trawler called John-o.88, which was put into service in 1936 at Ostend, Belgium. For close-up illustrations of more detailed parts of the ship such as the windlass, a device used to lift heavy objects, Hergé copied from photographs of various other steam engine trawlers.
Hergé’s Sirius is strikingly similar to the Lammermuir in the Thomson Collection. The two trawlers were contemporaries, as the Lammermuir was built in Aberdeen in 1950, just years after the Sirius was introduced in the Tintin series. A model of Hergé’s Sirius, made in 1952 by A. Van Noeyen, bears a significant resemblance to the Lammermuir in its colouring, layout and size. Both ships are trawlers known as “sidewinders,” in which the trawling nets are set up along the sides of the ship. The main difference is that the Sirius was a steam-powered vessel, whereas the Lammermuir was the world’s first diesel-engine deep-sea fishing trawler.
Hergé’s Ramona and the Thomson Collection’s model of the Rodsley, Rawnsley, Rookley and Reaveley.
1. British Cargo Ships, Rodsley, Rawnsley, Rookley and Reaveley, 1939–1940, Builder’s Model, scale 1:96, Great Britain, wood, metal, gold-plated fittings. 2.The Ramona being approached by another ship, from Hergé’s The Red Sea Sharks
Many of Tintin’s adventures feature cargo ships, from the quarantined Pachacamac in PrisonersoftheSun to the Karaboudjan in TheCrabWiththeGoldenClaws. Hergé drew the Ramona from the book TheRedSeaSharks using photographs and a detailed plan of the steam ship Egypt, which was built at the Jos Boel & Son shipyard in Amsterdam in 1946. The more detailed sketches of the interior were taken during a four-day sail between Belgium and Sweden aboard the ReineAstrid.
Of the numerous cargo ships in this gallery, the Ramona most resembles a model in the Thomson Collection built by William Doxford & Sons Ltd. in Sunderland, England, in 1939–1940. This model served as the original design for four motor cargo ships: the Rodsley, Rawnsley, Rookley and Reaveley. The Rawnsley was bombed by an aircraft off the Greek island of Crete during World War II while on its way from Haifa, Israel, to Souda Bay, Crete. The Rodsley, Rookley and Reaveley continued to operate for the next three decades for various shipping companies around the world.
The Ramona and all the vessels built from William Doxford’s model are excellent examples of the most modern cargo ships built during World War II. They would have been similar in size, tonnage and appearance – as well as in function – as merchant cargo ships. Both the Ramona and Doxford’s model have tall air vents rigged with cargo derricks in front the bridge, which were contemporary innovations. Other modern features include the radio telegraphy rigged between the masts, as well as the angle of the bow and round shape of the stern. These additions differ from earlier cargo ships such as the Glamis (1936) and the MeninRidge (1924), both of which can also be seen in the Thomson Collection.
Because the SSEgypt and the Rodsley, Rawnsley, Rookley and Reaveley were built during wartime, they would have been armed with guns to protect themselves against attack from enemy ships. However, it is likely that Hergé did not include guns on the Ramona, because Captain Haddock is unable to fight back after a submarine attack on the ship in The Red Sea Sharks and must radio the U.S.S.LosAngeles for assistance.
Join Tintin at the AGO for adventures in 2012!
Tintin and the Secret of the Ship Models
January 1, 2012
Join us on New Years Day as we go on a nautical adventure with Tintin and the AGO’s Ship Models collection! Inspired by the AGO exhibition Tintin at Sea, our own ship models collection and the Steven Speilberg movie, The Adventures of Tintin, we’ll be tapping to the tunes of an east coast fiddle, learning how to step dance, making treasure maps in a bottle and floating homemade boats! It’s going to be a rollicking good time!
Family Sunday Activities
Walker Court performances and workshop
Art making activities
Hands-on centre open 10-4
Tintin film screenings in Jackman Hall
Storytelling in Thomson Ship Models
Tintin and the AGO’s Ship Model Collection
February 29, 2012
Join Simon Stephens and Lesley Lonsdale-Cooper to hear about ships, ship models and Tintin.
Simon Stephens is curator of the Ship Model and Boat Collection at the National Maritime Museum, London. He curated the Thomson Collection of ship models installation at the AGO and co-curated the National Maritime Museum’s 2005 Tintin At Sea exhibition. Lesley Lonsdale-Cooper co-translated Hergé’s Tintin books into English with Michael Turner. Michael introduced Ken Thomson to ship models collecting.
On August 31 1911, steam yacht Gunilda sank beneath the waves of Lake Superior. Her wreckage was to become one of the most captivating intact freshwater wrecks in the world. Today, exactly 100 years on, we look back at the life of Gunilda and invite you to learn more about the intricate model ship we hold in the Gallery as part of the Thomson Collection of Ship Models.
Head down the first staircase you see as you enter the AGO and you’ll uncover a collection with some incredible stories to tell. You might feel like you’re descending into darkness, but the dim lighting is just to protect the 130 incredibly detailed ship models housed there, part of the Thomson Collection.
Unique in Canada and considered to be one of the finest private collections of ship models in the world, the Thomson Collection of Ship Models is part of one of the most significant acts of philanthropy in Canadian history. The models span 350 years, combining exquisite craftsmanship and maritime technological and cultural history.
This series delves into the stories behind the ship models, the ships that inspired them and the people that created them. To find more about visiting the gallery, please visit http://www.ago.net
The sinking of Gunilda: 100th Anniversary
On August 1911 the steam yacht Gunilda sank beneath the surface of Lake Superior in Northern Ontario. Today, the wreck is famous amongst divers as being one of the world’s most intact and interesting freshwater wrecks. View fascinating dive photos, explore the Gunilda model and learn more about America’s Gilded Age. Story coming soon
From steam power to steampunk: The history of steam
The invention of the steam-powered engine changed life forever, triggering the industrial revolution and giving people the power to travel previously unimaginable distances. Trace a path from ‘father of the steam engine’ James Watt to steam engines and steam ships and on to the Hollywood depictions of the steamboat era using objects in the Thomson Collection as your guide. Story coming soon
Tintin on the high seas Hergé’sclassic character from children’s literature, Tintin,gets a new lease of life this Christmas when The Adventure of Tintin: The Mystery of the Unicorn is released in cinemas. Central to the plot of is mysterious model ship The Unicorn. Learn about the significance of model ships like these and see examples from the collection from the same era. Story coming soon
The Tale of Mimi and Toutou During World War One an eccentric British naval officer called Geoffrey Spicer-Simpson was tasked with seizing Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa from German control. He was given command of two small gunboats, which he named Mimi and Toutou (“cat” and “dog” in French). Read about their incredible journey and then come to the gallery to see our scale model of Mimi. Story coming soon